E. Bruillard, Les machines à enseigner, 1997.

E. De-vries, Educational technology and multimedia from a cognitive perspective: Knowledge from inside the computer, onto the screen, and into our heads? Dans H. van Oostendorp (dir.), Cognition in a digital world, pp.155-174, 2003.

S. A. Karabenick and R. S. Newman, Seeking help: Generalizable self-regulatory process and social-cultural barometer, Contemporary motivation research: From global to local perspectives, pp.25-48, 2009.

M. Puustinen and J. Rouet, Learning with new technologies: Help seeking and information searching revisited, Computers and Education, vol.53, pp.1014-1019, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00731488

M. Puustinen, O. Volckaert-legrier, D. Coquin, and J. Bernicot, An analysis of students' spontaneous computer-mediated help seeking: A step toward the design of ecologically valid supporting tools, Computers and Education, vol.53, pp.1040-1047, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00731489

K. Veermans, T. De-jong, and W. R. Van-joolingen, Promoting self-directed learning in simulation-based discovery learning environments through intelligent support, Interactive Learning Environments, vol.8, pp.229-255, 2000.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00197359